Knowing the stage of multiple myeloma is important because it will be the base of treatment plan the patient should have. Multiple myeloma can be serious, which is why early detection is important. Once someone is diagnosed with this disease, the doctor needs to create a proper treatment plan. It highly depends on the stage and grade. As we all know, multiple myeloma stages will directly affect prognosis. The doctor wouldn’t be able to provide information about survival rate before he collects enough information from the patient.
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The International Staging System divides this cancer into stage I, II, and III. The higher the number, the more serious the cancer is. It has to do with the spread of the cancerous cells. The substances in the blood can actually tell how far it has spread. In many cases, when the blood contains high levels of beta-2-microglobulin and low levels of albumin, it indicates that the cancer is already in the advanced stage. ISS is not the only staging system available. Some doctors use another called the Durie-salmon staging system. Although it also consists of 3 different stages, the parameters used are different from ISS.
Multiple myeloma life expectancy
It is understandable when a patient wants to know his chance to survive because dealing with cancer is not an easy battle. This disease can quickly progress and put the patient at risk of death. The cancerous cells keep causing damage to healthy cells, which eventually take a toll on the patient’s health. When it comes to multiple myeloma, the 5-year survival rates are actually pretty high. Nearly half of the survivors can live for 5 years after diagnosis. This is not curable, but some treatments can help the patient cope with the symptoms. The treatments can prolong the patient’s life.
There are several factors that affect the patient’s chance of survival. General health is one of them. Regardless of age and gender, someone with good well-being has a higher chance to survive 5 years after diagnosis. Another factor is response to treatment. Not everyone can tolerate chemicals injected to their bodies during therapy sessions. Those who have high tolerance to the chemicals in the drugs are more likely to live longer. Anyway, multiple myeloma is a type of cancer that develops in the plasma cells. It is more prevalent in older people especially those between the ages of 65 and 74. That’s what you should know about multiple myeloma stages.