Before we learn more about the Hodgkins Lymphoma stage 4, let’s find out the characteristics of this cancer. Lymphoma is a term used to classify a group of blood cancers that grow in the lymphatic system. It is divided into two types, which are Hodgkin’s Lymphoma and NHL. Staging is used to identify how far the cancer has spread. It also directly affects prognosis and the right approach to cure the disease. Stage 4 is considered advanced, while earlier stages have higher survival rates.
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When the cancer is detected earlier, the survival rate is almost 100 percent. In stage 4, the rate will drop significantly. The grade of the cancer is another factor that affects prognosis. When it grows at a fast rate, the doctor needs to make sure the cells don’t cause further damage to the healthy cells. Cancer has spread to areas outside the lymphatic system in stage 4. It can be found in the lungs, liver, and other organs. Aggressive NHL progresses from one stage to another quickly. Indolent NHL is the one that grows slowly.
Hodgkins lymphoma symptoms
This cancer has several symptoms, but they can be non-existent in earlier stages. The symptoms include night sweats, fatigue, weight loss, loss of appetite, pain in several areas, including the stomach and bones. We know that these symptoms are not only associated with cancer, but you still need to be cautious if some of these symptoms occur almost at the same time. Hodgkins lymphoma can also trigger nausea and vomiting.
Regardless of the stage, the patient needs to consult the doctor to find the right treatment plan. The doctor might consider chemotherapy. It is still seen as a powerful treatment although the side effects are bad. Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer or slow down its growth. The types of drugs depend on the type of cancer that’s trying to be cured. In this particular case, the therapy may involve bleomycin, vinblastine, and doxorubicin.